Eye Movement Studies

We have recently examined eye movements during pronoun resolution, both in typically developing children and in adult readers with Down Syndrome. The materials comprised single sentences such as "La fourmi part avec le crabe. Il tient un drapeau", followed by two line drawings, with the sentence repeated underneath.

As visible in the example below, when grammatical gender ("la fourmi" and "le crabe") allowed immediate disambiguation of the pronoun, our group of Down Syndrome readers used this information to correctly chose the image that corresponded to the sentence. Our results showed that gender information was used significantly above chance.